Campus Units

Chemistry

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2012

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Physical Chemistry A

Volume

116

Issue

37

First Page

9398

Last Page

9403

DOI

10.1021/jp306817

Abstract

The electronic state orderings and energies of heteroaryl oxenium ions were computed using high-level CASPT2//CASSCF computations. We find that these ions have a number of diverse, low-energy configurations. Depending on the nature of the heteroaryl substituent, the lowest-energy configuration may be open-shell singlet, closed-shell singlet, or triplet, with further diversity found among the subtypes of these configurations. The 2- and 3-pyridinyl oxenium ions show small perturbations from the phenyl oxenium ion in electronic state orderings and energies, having closed-shell singlet ground states with significant gaps to an n,π* triplet state. In contrast, the 4-pyridinyl oxenium ion is computed to have a low-energy nitrenium ion-like triplet state. The pyrimidinyl oxenium ion is computed to have a near degeneracy between an open-shell singlet and triplet state, and the pyrizidinyl oxenium ion is computed to have a near-triple degeneracy between a closed-shell singlet state, an open-shell singlet state, and a triplet state. Therefore, the ground state of these latter heteroaryl oxenium ions cannot be predicted with certainty; in principle, reactivity from any of these states may be possible. These systems are of fundamental interest for probing the spin- and configuration-dependent reactivity of unusual electronic states for this important class of reactive intermediate.

Comments

Reprinted (adapted) with permission from J. Phys. Chem. A, 2012, 116 (37), pp 9398–9403. Copyright 2012 American Chemical Society.

Copyright Owner

American Chemical Society

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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