Journal or Book Title
Physical Review B
It is well known that conversion of Si(111)-(7×7) into the (√3×√3)R30° phase of adsorbed Ag requires a change in the Si density, and causes formation of islands and holes at the surface. By mass balance, the ratio of areas of islands and holes (RIH) should be approximately 1. However, we find that the ratio is significantly higher, depending on preparation conditions. A possible explanation would be that there are different types of (√3×√3)R30° structures. However, neither scanning tunneling microscopy nor density-functional theory (implemented as a genetic algorithm search) supports this explanation. We propose that the edges of the islands contain excess Ag which becomes available to expand the holes, when the island perimeter decreases. Under certain conditions, excess Ag is also made available by dissolution of small islands that are Ag rich.
American Physical Society
Belianinov, Alex; Ünal, Barış; Lu, Ning; Ji, Min; Ho, Kai-Ming; Wang, Cai-Zhuang; Tringides, Michael C.; and Thiel, Patricia A., "Islands and holes as measures of mass balance in growth of the (√3×√3)R30° phase of Ag on Si(111)" (2010). Chemistry Publications. 19.