Chemistry, Ames Laboratory
Journal or Book Title
Journal of Chemical Physics
The three known lowest-energy isomers of SiC3, two cyclic singlets (2s and 3s) and a linear triplet (1t), have been reinvestigated using multireference second-order perturbation theory (MRPT2). The dependence of the relative energies of the isomers upon the quality of the basis sets and the sizes of the reference active spaces is explored. When using a complete-active-space self-consistent-field reference wave function with 12 electrons in 11 orbitals [CASSCF (12, 11)] together with basis sets that increase in size up to the correlation-consistent polarized core-valence quadruple zeta basis set (cc-pCVQZ), the MRPT2 method consistently predicts the linear triplet to be the most stable isomer. A new parallel direct determinant MRPT2 code has been used to systematically explore reference spaces that vary in size from CASSCF (8,8) to full optimized reaction space [FORS or CASSCF (16,16)] with the cc-pCVQZ basis. It is found that the relative energies of the isomers change substantially as the active space is increased. At the best level of theory, MRPT2 with a full valence FORS reference, the 2s isomer is predicted to be more stable than 3s and 1t by 4.7 and 2.2kcal∕mol, respectively.
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Rintelman, Jamie Marie; Gordon, Mark S.; Fletcher, Graham D.; and Ivanic, Joseph, "A Systematic Multireference Perturbation-Theory Study of the Low-Lying States of SiC3" (2006). Chemistry Publications. 459.