Campus Units

Chemistry

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2007

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Chemical Physics

Volume

126

First Page

1

Last Page

10

DOI

10.1063/1.2711199

Abstract

A method that combines quantum mechanics (QM), typically a solute, the effective fragment potential (EFP) discrete solvent model, and the polarizable continuum model is described. The EFP induced dipoles and polarizable continuum model (PCM) induced surface charges are determined in a self-consistent fashion. The gradients of these two energies with respect to molecular coordinate changes are derived and implemented. In general, the gradients can be formulated as simple electrostatic forces and torques among the QM nuclei, electrons, EFP static multipoles, induced dipoles, and PCM induced charges. Molecular geometry optimizations can be performed efficiently with these gradients. The formulas derived for EFP∕PCM can be generally applied to other combined molecular mechanics and continuum methods that employ induced dipoles and charges.

Comments

The following article appeared in Journal of Chemical Physics 126 (2007): 124112, and may be found at doi:10.1063/1.2711199.

Rights

Copyright 2007 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.

Copyright Owner

American Institute of Physics

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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