Chemistry, Ames Laboratory
Journal or Book Title
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
The gas phase formation of uranyl dicationic complexes containing water and nitrile (acetonitrile, propionitrile, and benzonitrile) ligands, [UO2(H2O)m(RCN)n]2+, has been studied using density functional theory with a relativistic effective core potential to account for scalar relativistic effects on uranium. It is shown that nitrile addition is favored over the addition of water ligands. Decomposition of these complexes to [UO2OH(H2O)m(RCN)n]+ by the loss of either H3O+ or (RCN + H)+ is also examined. It is found that this reaction is competitive with the ligand addition when the coordination sphere of uranyl is unsaturated. Additionally, this reaction is influenced by the size of the nitrile ligand with reactions involving acetonitrile being the most prevalent. Finally, ligand addition to the monocation shows trends similar to that of the dication with energetic differences being smaller for the addition to the monocation.
American Chemical Society
Schoendorff, George; de Jong, Wibe A.; Gordon, Mark S.; and Windus, Theresa Lynn, "Gas Phase Computational Studies on the Competition between Nitrile and Water Ligands in Uranyl Complexes" (2010). Chemistry Publications. 917.