Ames Laboratory, Chemistry
Journal or Book Title
Journal of Catalysis
Iron nanoparticles supported on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Fe-MSN) catalyze the hydrotreatment of fatty acids with high selectivity for hydrodeoxygenation over decarbonylation and hydrocracking. The catalysis is likely to involve a reverse Mars–Van Krevelen mechanism, in which the surface of iron is partially oxidized by the carboxylic groups of the substrate during the reaction. The strength of the metal–oxygen bonds that are formed affects the residence time of the reactants facilitating the successive conversion of carboxyl first into carbonyl and then into alcohol intermediates, thus dictating the selectivity of the process. The selectivity is also affected by the pretreatment of Fe-MSN, the more reduced the catalyst the higher the yield of hydrodeoxygenation product. Fe-MSN catalyzes the conversion of crude microalgal oil into diesel-range hydrocarbons.
Kandel, Kapil; Anderegg, James W.; Nelson, Nicholas C.; Chaudhary, Umesh; and Slowing, Igor I., "Supported iron nanoparticles for the hydrodeoxygenation of microalgal oil to green diesel" (2014). Chemistry Publications. 938.