Synthesis and Structure of Five Sc3CuyZn18-y-Type Compositions (0 ≤ y ≤ ∼2.2), 1/1 Crystalline Approximants of a New Icosahedral Quasicrystal. Direct Example of Tuning on the Basis of Size Effects and Hume−Rothery Concepts
Chemistry, Ames Laboratory
Journal or Book Title
The newly reported icosahedral quasicrystalline phase ∼Sc3Cu2.1Zn12.9 was approached through four synthetic, structural, and EDX analyses of the range of approximants formed by systematic substitutions of 0−4 Zn by Cu in the reported Sc3Zn17 as well as for the corrected Sc3Zn18(ScZn6) composition. Structures of high yield products of the 0, 1, 2, 3 Cu atom steps all refined as isotypic Sc3CuyZn18-y phases (Im3̄, Z = 8, a = 13.8311(5) to 13.7528(5) Å for 0 ≤ y ≤2.2), basically isostructural with RCd6 phases known for many rare-earth elements. The present phases all exhibit the novel feature of disordered zinc tetrahedra in the center of four concentric polyhedral clusters: pentagonal dodecahedron (Zn/Cu), icosahedron (Sc), icosidodecahedron (Zn), and triacontahedron (Zn). The Cu tuning process reduces both the average electron count per atom (e/a) to 2.04 and the average atom size until major amounts of the zinc-poorer quasicrystal separate along with the present normal crystalline phase near four added Cu. The Cu is an important neighbor to the disordered Zn atoms. The approximant structure repeatedly exhibits components with pseudo-icosahedral symmetry.
American Chemical Society
Lin, Qisheng and Corbett, John D., "Synthesis and Structure of Five Sc3CuyZn18-y-Type Compositions (0 ≤ y ≤ ∼2.2), 1/1 Crystalline Approximants of a New Icosahedral Quasicrystal. Direct Example of Tuning on the Basis of Size Effects and Hume−Rothery Concepts" (2004). Chemistry Publications. 957.