Journal or Book Title
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Au-rich polar intermetallics exhibit a wide variety of structural motifs, and this hexagonal-diamond-like gold host is unprecedented. The series Ba2Au6(Au,T)3 (T = Zn, Cd, Ga, In, or Sn), synthesized through fusion of the elements at 700–800 °C followed by annealing at 400–500 °C, occur in space group R3̅c (a ≈ 8.6–8.9 Å, c ≈ 21.9–22.6 Å, and Z = 6). Their remarkable structure, generated by just three independent atoms, features a hexagonal-diamond-like gold superstructure in which tunnels along the 3-fold axes are systematically filled by interstitial Ba atoms (blue) and triangles of disordered (Au,T)3 atoms (green) in 2:1 proportions. The Au/Zn mixing in the latter spans ∼34 to 87% Zn, whereas the Au/Sn result is virtually invariant compositionally. Complementary bonding between the gold lattice and the disordered (Au,T)3 units is substantial and very regular. Bonding and charge density analyses indicate delocalized bonding within the gold host and the (Au,T)3 triangular units, and moderately polarized bonding between Ba and the electronegative framework. The new structure can also be viewed empirically as the result of an atom-by-triad [i.e., Ba by (Au,T)3 triangle] topological substitution in a BaAu2 (AlB2-type) superstructure.
American Chemical Society
Lin, Qisheng; Mishra, Trinath; and Corbett, John D., "Hexagonal-Diamond-like Gold Lattices, Ba and (Au,T)3 Interstitials, and Delocalized Bonding in a Family of Intermetallic Phases Ba2Au6 (Au,T)3 (T= Zn, Cd, Ga, In, or Sn" (2013). Chemistry Publications. 977.