Community and Regional Planning
Journal or Book Title
Planning and Changing Journal
Nationally, all districts, regardless of their size, face the challenge to ensure that all students have access to a quality education. However, some characterize the alternatives for rural families as being between schools that are too small or too far away, and for urban families as being between schools that are too large or too far away. State policies to equalize educational spending, cap bond and levy rates, require common teacher salary schedules, and consolidate school districts are geared toward improving quality and attempting to resolve problems of inefficiency. However, despite the use of the state policy to equalize educational quality, educational gaps persist. The most identifiable achievement differences between and among school districts are well documented and result from variations in (a) teacher quality; (b) teacher mobility; (c) student characteristics, like poverty, ethnicity, gender, and mobility; and (d) community wealth (Goldhaber & Anthony, 2004; Haselton, 2004; Parcel & Dufur, 2004; Uribe, 2003, 2004).
Illinois State University
Haddad, Monica A. and Alsbury, Thomas, "Using Spatial Analyses to Examine Student Proficiency: Guiding District Consolidation and Reform Policy Decisions" (2008). Community and Regional Planning Publications. 46.