Degree Type

Creative Component

Semester of Graduation

Fall 2019


Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering

First Major Professor

Jiehua Shen


Master of Science (MS)


Civil Engineering


This paper attempts to encourage the readers to see the need for sustainability within the developing multi-hazard reduction practice. The natural hazards that are focused on include earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and tornadoes. The standard design and construction methods that are currently being used are contributing largely to the total greenhouse gas emissions throughout the world. To regulate any research for a more sustainable hazard design, there needs to be set quantitative criteria that defines what a sustainable building is. The main reason there has not been much progress with a sustainable multi-hazard reduction design, is because there is no incentive to do so. People all know that there are issues with global warming and the sea level rising, but no one who is qualified to make these changes within multi-hazard reduction practice is doing so. There needs to be a greater demand for a more sustainable design so that changes to better protect the environment can occur. This paper covers the importance of sustainability within hazard reduction, and proposes future research opportunities to further this practice.

Copyright Owner

Johnson, Nicole

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