Degree Type

Creative Component

Semester of Graduation

Summer 2021

Department

Chemical and Biological Engineering

First Major Professor

Eric W. Cochran

Degree(s)

Master of Engineering (MEngr)

Major(s)

Chemical Engineering

Abstract

The state of the roadways within the United States is rapidly declining as maintenance and replacement costs remain high. The use of high quality modified asphalts will extend the service life and reduce the need for frequent maintenance. The use of rejuvenators in asphalt reduces the stiffness allowing for higher content of recycled asphalt materials. This provides both an increase in the sustainability of pavements as well as a decrease in the cost of creating new asphalt mixtures. Asphalt can also be modified by elastomeric polymers increasing the stiffness and elasticity leading to an improved high temperature and fatigue performance.

The research provided herein describes a novel soybean derived biopolymer and rejuvenator used to modify asphalt binder. The use of both the biopolymer and rejuvenator in a polymer modified asphalt along with sulfur leads to an increase in the high temperature performance, elasticity, and low temperature performance. Using statistical modelling, it was determined that the order of additions, with certain restrictions, has a negligible effect on the rheological properties of the asphalt. The duration of blending was also investigated to determine the effect on the elastic performance using rheology and fluorescence microscopy. It was observed that initially the blend without the biopolymer had higher elastic performance at short blending duration, but was overtaken by the blend containing the biopolymer at long blend durations leading to superior performance.

Copyright Owner

Staver, Maxwell

File Format

PDF

Embargo Period (admin only)

7-27-2021

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