Integrated Crop Management News

Document Type


Publication Date



Corn growers are increasingly adopting the corn biotech traits in YieldGard®, Herculex®, and Agrisure® for yield protection against corn rootworms and/or European corn borers in what we call Bt corn hybrids. All of these traits require that corn growers follow Insect Resistance Management (IRM) requirements to effectively manage this technology. Surprisingly, I heard numerous corn growers during my recent winter meeting circuit around the state scoff at the IRM requirements. I'm sure many of them were thinking, is a Bt corn refuge really necessary?

Copyright Owner

Iowa State University



File Format





The Iowa State University Digital Repository provides access to Integrated Crop Management News for historical purposes only. Users are hereby notified that the content may be inaccurate, out of date, incomplete and/or may not meet the needs and requirements of the user. Users should make their own assessment of the information and whether it is suitable for their intended purpose. For current information on integrated crop management from Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, please visit