April is an excellent time to treat pastures and other non-tilled areas for biennial weeds. The biennial thistles (musk, bull, tall, etc.) are all classified as noxious weeds by the Iowa Noxious Weed Law, but musk thistle is by far the most invasive and troublesome of this group. In recent years, several biennials in the Apiacae (carrot) family have become much more prevalent across Iowa, including wild carrot, wild parsnip, and poison hemlock. Wild carrot and poison hemlock are on the Iowa noxious weed list.
Iowa State University
Hartzler, Robert G., "Now's the time to control biennial weeds" (2006). Integrated Crop Management News. 1218.
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