Technical Report Number
Computer Systems Organization, Hardware, Software
Energy consumption has become a major design constraint in modern computing systems. With the advent of peta ops architectures, power efficient software stacks have become imperative for scalability. Modern processors provide techniques, such as dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS), to improve energy efficiency on-the-fly. Without careful application, however, DVFS and throttling may cause significant performance loss due to the system overhead. Typically, these techniques are used by constraining a priori the application performance loss, under which the energy savings are sought. This paper discusses potential drawbacks of such usage and proposes an energy-saving scheme that takes into account the instantaneous processor power consumption as presented by the running average power limit" (RAPL) technology from Intel. Thus, the need for the user to define a performance loss tolerance apriori is avoided. Experiments, performed on NAS benchmarks, show that the proposed scheme saves more energy than the approaches based on the pre-defined performance loss.