Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

5-2019

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Forensic Sciences

Volume

64

Issue

3

First Page

728

Last Page

740

DOI

10.1111/1556-4029.13950

Abstract

The same‐source problem remains a major challenge in forensic toolmark and firearm examination. Here, we investigate the applicability of the Chumbley method (J Forensic Sci, 2018, 63, 849; J Forensic Sci, 2010, 55, 953) (10,12), developed for screwdriver markings, for same‐source identification of striations on bullet LEAs. The Hamby datasets 44 and 252 measured by NIST and CSAFE (high‐resolution scans) are used here. We provide methods to identify parameters that minimize error rates for matching of LEAs, and a remedial algorithm to alleviate the problem of failed tests, while increasing the power of the test and reducing error rates. For 85,491 land‐to‐land comparisons (84,235 known nonmatches and 1256 known matches), the adapted test does not provide a result in 176 situations (originally more than 500). The Type I and Type II error rates are 7.2% (6105 out of 84,235) and 21.4% (271 out of 1256), respectively. This puts the proposed method on similar footing as other single‐feature matching approaches in the literature.

Comments

This is a manuscript of an article published as Krishnan, Ganesh, and Heike Hofmann. "Adapting the Chumbley Score to Match Striae on Land Engraved Areas (LEA s) of Bullets." Journal of forensic sciences 64, no. 3 (2019): 728-740. Posted with permission of CSAFE.

Copyright Owner

American Academy of Forensic Sciences

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

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