Statistics, Center for Statistics and Applications in Forensic Evidence (CSAFE)"
Journal or Book Title
Statistical Analysis and Data Mining: The ASA Data Science Journal
Handwritten documents can be characterized by their content or by the shape of the written characters. We focus on the problem of comparing a person's handwriting to a document of unknown provenance using the shape of the writing, as is done in forensic applications. To do so, we first propose a method for processing scanned handwritten documents to decompose the writing into small graphical structures, often corresponding to letters. We then introduce a measure of distance between two such structures that is inspired by the graph edit distance, and a measure of center for a collection of the graphs. These measurements are the basis for an outlier tolerant K‐means algorithm to cluster the graphs based on structural attributes, thus creating a template for sorting new documents. Finally, we present a Bayesian hierarchical model to capture the propensity of a writer for producing graphs that are assigned to certain clusters. We illustrate the methods using documents from the Computer Vision Lab dataset. We show results of the identification task under the cluster assignments and compare to the same modeling, but with a less flexible grouping method that is not tolerant of incidental strokes or outliers.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Crawford, Amy M.; Berry, Nicholas S.; and Carriquiry, Alicia L., "A clustering method for graphical handwriting components and statistical writership analysis" (2020). CSAFE Publications. 77.