Electrical and Computer Engineering
Journal or Book Title
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
We propose maximum likelihood (ML) and restricted maximum likelihood (REML) methods for estimating the mean and covariance parameters of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) Ricean and Rayleigh block-fading channels using measurements from multiple coherent intervals containing both amplitudes and phases of the received signal. Correlated and independent fading scenarios with structured and unstructured line-of-sight (LOS) array response models are considered. Computationally efficient ML and approximate ML (AML) estimators are proposed for unitary space-time modulation schemes and orthogonal designs in correlated fading. We also derive Crame/spl acute/r-Rao bounds (CRBs) for the unknown parameters, discuss initialization of the proposed algorithms, and evaluate their performance via numerical simulations under the block- and continuous-fading scenarios.
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Dogandžić, Aleksandar and Jin, Jinghua, "Estimating statistical properties of MIMO fading channels" (2005). Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications. 131.