Electrical and Computer Engineering
Journal or Book Title
IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
This article develops a practical framework of Area Angle Monitoring (AAM) to monitor in real time the stress of bulk power transfer across an area of a power transmission system. Area angle is calculated from synchrophasor measurements in real time to provide alert to system operators if the area angle exceeds pre-defined thresholds. This article proposes a general method to identify the warning threshold of area angle and a simplified method to quickly update area angle thresholds under significant topology change. A mitigation strategy to relieve the area stress is also proposed. In order to handle the limited coverage of synchrophasor measurements, this article proposes a method to estimate phase angles for boundary buses without synchrophasor measurements, which extends the application scenario of AAM. AAM is verified for a power transmission area in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council system with both simulated data and synchrophasor measurements recorded from real events. A utility deployment for real-time application of AAM with livestream and recorded synchrophasor data is described.
© 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Ju, Wenyun; Dobson, Ian; Martin, Kenneth; Sun, Kai; Nayak, Neeraj; Singh, Iknoor; Silva-Saravia, Horacio; Faris, Anthony; Zhang, Lin; and Wang, Yajun, "Real-Time Area Angle Monitoring Using Synchrophasors: A Practical Framework and Utility Deployment" (2021). Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications. 307.