Journal or Book Title
International Journal of Industrial Organization
First Page or Article ID Number
We study the importance of sunk costs in determining entry conditions and inferences about firm conduct in an adapted Bresnahan and Reiss (1991, 1994) framework. In our framework, entrants incur sunk costs to enter, while incumbents disregard these costs in deciding on continuation or exit. We apply this framework to study entry and competition in the local U.S. broadband markets from 1999 to 2003. Ignoring sunk costs generates unreasonable variation in firms' competitive conduct over time. This variation disappears when entry costs are allowed. Once the market has one to three incumbent firms, the fourth entrant has little effect on competitive conduct.
Elsevier B. V.
Xiao, Mo and Orazem, Peter F., "Does the fourth entrant make any difference? Entry and competition in the early U.S. broadband market" (2011). Economics Publications. 351.