Working Paper Number
WP #12013, July 2012
We propose aggregation indices of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) to quantify their protectionism relative to international standards. We apply the indices to national Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) regulations affecting agricultural and food trade and using a science-based criteria embodied in Codex Alimentarius international standards. The approach links two streams of the NTM literature, one concerned with the aggregation of various NTMs into operational indices for econometric and modeling purposes, and the other attempting to evaluate the protectionism of NTMs. The data used in the application come from a large international dataset on veterinary and pesticide MRLs and CODEX MRL standards for a large set of countries
Published in Food Policy, Vol. 45 (2014): 57-68.
F13, Q17, Q18
Revised December 24, 2013.
Li, Yuan and Beghin, John C., "Protectionism indices for non-tariff measures: an application to maximum residue levels" (2013). Economics Working Papers (2002–2016). 18.