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Numerous ecological studies have shown that human population growth is forcing many plant and animal species into extinction. Communities of all living organisms, such as those found in prairies, marshes, woodlands, and lakes, interact in many ways with their surrounding environments. A recent report of the 1995 UN Conference on Biodiversity in Indonesia found that human population growth and economic development are depleting the planet's biological resources. Although environmental awareness is growing, damage to global diversity continues. More than 30,000 plant and animal species face possible extinction worldwide and some forty to a hundred species become extinct every day.


This report is published as Bultena, G. L., M. D. Duffy, S. E. Jungst, R. S. Kanwar, B. W. Menzel, M. J. Misra, P. Singh, J. R. Thompson, A. G. van der Valk, and R. L. Wilham. 1996. Effects of agricultural development on biodiversity: lessons from Iowa. pp. 80-94. In J. S. Srivastava, N. J. H. Smith and D. A. Forno (Eds.) Biodiversity and agricultural intensification: Partners for development and conservation. The World Bank, Washington, DC.


This report is published under a Creative Commons Atrribution license,

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The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development



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