In this article, we examine the feasibility of working and studying from home in Pakistan. We take advantage of the 2018–19 Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement (PSLM) Survey, released only weeks ago. PSLM is a nationally representative household survey with extensive information on employment outcomes, children’s educational attainment, internet and TV access information, and hand-washing place. Following Dingel and Neiman (2020)’s approach, we deﬁne the feasibility of jobs that can be done from home for both urban and rural districts. We also investigate the possibilities for students to study from home via TV or internet. We ﬁnd that only 10% of jobs in Pakistan can be done from home, and rates are even lower for rural residents, as so many of Pakistan’s workers are in low-skill, low-paying service industries and cannot work from home. Our results also highlight the homeschooling challenges Pakistan’s students face, given low rates of access to TV and the internet. Pre-existing inequalities in which many rural female students already lack educa-tional opportunities will further compound these diﬃculties. Our results highlight the need for state’s ﬁnancial support for vulnerable workers and expanded internet access for both teaching and eﬀective job performance.
D24, J22, R12, R23, I24, O53
Original Release Date: May 2, 2020
Department of Economics, Iowa State University
Hasan, Syed; Rehman, Attique; and Zhang, Wendong, "Disparate Impacts of COVID-19 Lockdowns in Pakistan Aﬀecting Girls and Rural Residents" (2020). Economics Working Papers: Department of Economics, Iowa State University. 20010.