Campus Units

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Entomology, Plant Pathology and Microbiology

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2016

Journal or Book Title

PloS ONE

Volume

11

Issue

4

First Page

e0153531

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0153531

Abstract

As key pollinators, honey bees are crucial to many natural and agricultural ecosystems. An important factor in the health of honey bees is the availability of diverse floral resources. However, in many parts of the world, high-intensity agriculture could result in a reduction in honey bee forage. Previous studies have investigated how the landscape surrounding honey bee hives affects some aspects of honey bee health, but to our knowledge there have been no investigations of the effects of intensively cultivated landscapes on indicators of individual bee health such as nutritional physiology and pathogen loads. Furthermore, agricultural landscapes in different regions vary greatly in forage and land management, indicating a need for additional information on the relationship between honey bee health and landscape cultivation. Here, we add to this growing body of information by investigating differences in nutritional physiology between honey bees kept in areas of comparatively low and high cultivation in an area generally high agricultural intensity in the Midwestern United States. We focused on bees collected directly before winter, because overwintering stress poses one of the most serious problems for honey bees in temperate climates. We found that honey bees kept in areas of lower cultivation exhibited higher lipid levels than those kept in areas of high cultivation, but this effect was observed only in colonies that were free of Varroa mites. Furthermore, we found that the presence of mites was associated with lower lipid levels and higher titers of deformed wing virus (DWV), as well as a non-significant trend towards higher overwinter losses. Overall, these results show that mite infestation interacts with landscape, obscuring the effects of landscape alone and suggesting that the benefits of improved foraging landscape could be lost without adequate control of mite infestations.

Comments

This article is published as Dolezal, Adam G., Jimena Carrillo-Tripp, W. Allen Miller, Bryony C. Bonning, and Amy L. Toth. "Intensively cultivated landscape and varroa mite infestation are associated with reduced honey bee nutritional state." PloS one 11, no. 4 (2016): e0153531. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153531. Posted with permission.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Copyright Owner

Dolezal et al.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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