Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology
Journal or Book Title
Nature Ecology & Evolution
The effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning generally increase over time, but the underlying processes remain unclear. Using 26 long-term grassland and forest experimental ecosystems, we demonstrate that biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships strengthen mainly by greater increases in functioning in high-diversity communities in grasslands and forests. In grasslands, biodiversity effects also strengthen due to decreases in functioning in low-diversity communities. Contrasting trends across grasslands are associated with differences in soil characteristics.
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Guerrero-Ramírez, Nathaly R.; Craven, Dylan; Reich, Peter B.; Ewel, John J.; Isbell, Forest; Koricheva, Julia; Parrotta, John A.; Auge, Harald; Ericson, Heather E.; Forrester, David I.; Hector, Andy; Joshi, Jasmin; Montagnini, Florencia; Palmborg, Cecilia; Piotto, Daniel; Potvin, Catherine; Roscher, Christiane; van Ruijven, Jasper; Tilman, David; Wilsey, Brian; and Eisenhauer, Nico, "Diversity-dependent temporal divergence of ecosystem functioning in experimental ecosystems" (2017). Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications. 309.