Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology
Journal or Book Title
Mitochondrial DNA Part B
Gossypium hirsutum and G. barbadense mitochondrial genomes were analyzed to understand the factors shaping codon usage. While most analyses of codon usage suggest minimal to no bias, nucleotide composition, specifically GC content, was significantly correlated with codon usage. In general, both mitochondrial genomes favor codons that end in A or U, with a secondary preference for pyrimidine rich codons. These observations are similar to previous reports of codon usage in cotton nuclear genomes, possibly suggestive of a general bias spanning genomic compartment. Although evidence for codon usage bias is weak for most genes, we identified six genes (i.e. atp8, atp9, sdh3, sdh4, mttB and rpl2) with significant nonrandom codon usage. In general, we find multiple factors that influence cotton mitochondrial genome codon usage, which may include selection in a subset of genes.
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Chen, Zhiwen; Zhao, Jianguo; Qiao, Jun; Li, Weijia; Li, Jingwei; Xu, Ran; Wang, Haiyan; Liu, Zehui; Xing, Baoyan; Wendel, Jonathan F.; and Grover, Corrinne E., "Comparative analysis of codon usage between Gossypium hirsutum and G. barbadense mitochondrial genomes" (2020). Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications. 407.