College students responded to a survey of their expectations for communication behaviors, qualities, activities, and personal disclosures they associate with male-female relationships labeled friends, hanging-out, talking, casual dating, dating, boyfriend/girlfriend, and romantic relationship. The results show specific relationship differences and suggest three relational categories: nonromantic (friend), preromantic (talking, hanging-out, and casual dating), and romantic (dating, boyfriend/girlfriend, and romantic relationship). Of the 23 activities evaluated, 17 significantly differed among the relationships. Although this study finds specific differences between relationship labels and categories, it also found a core set of expectations that exists across all relationships that might be regarded as fundamental to any interpersonal relationship.
Redmond, Mark V., "“We’re not dating. We’re just ‘talking’.” Expectations Associated with Male–Female Relationship Labels" (2018). English Technical Reports and White Papers. 11.
Experimental Analysis of Behavior Commons, Family, Life Course, and Society Commons, Gender, Race, Sexuality, and Ethnicity in Communication Commons, Higher Education Commons, Other Languages, Societies, and Cultures Commons