Journal or Book Title
The Quarterly Review of Biology
Tsetse flies (Glossina spp) are classified in a mono generic taxon of 32 species and subspecies, the Glossinidae. Most unusual and interesting insects, tsetse are confined to sub-Saharan Africa, but fossils from the Oligocene have been found in North America. Tsetse flies have an extremely low rate of reproduction. Females require two weeks to develop, and deposit their first mature larva, which almost immediately burrows into the soil and pupates. Additional larvae are produced maximally at ten-day intervals in well-fed flies. Thus tsetse are K-selected insects, and mortality rates must remain low if tsetse populations are to continue.
The University of Chicago Press
Krafsur, Elliot, "Tsetse Biology and Ecology: Their Role in the Epidemiology and Control of Trypanosomosis" (2000). Entomology Publications. 415.