Journal or Book Title
Journal of Economic Entomology
Western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, is a serious pest of corn and is managed with corn that produces insecticidal toxins derived from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). Beginning in 2009, resistance to Cry3Bb1 corn, and severe injury to Cry3Bb1 corn in the field, was observed in Iowa. However, few data exist on how Cry3Bb1-resistant western corn rootworm interact with various management practices in the field. Using a field experiment, we measured adult emergence and feeding injury to corn roots for both Cry3Bb1-resistant and Cry3Bb1-susceptible populations of western corn rootworm when tested against various Bt corn hybrids and a soil-applied insecticide. Between 2012 and 2013, we evaluated five fields that were associated with greater than one node of feeding injury to Cry3Bb1 corn by western corn rootworm (i.e., problem-field populations), and a laboratory strain that had never been exposed to Bt corn (i.e., control population). Adult emergence for western corn rootworm and root injury to corn were significantly higher in problem-field populations than control populations for both Cry3Bb1 corn and mCry3A corn. By contrast, corn with Cry34/35Ab1, either alone or pyramided with Cry3Bb1, significantly reduced adult emergence and root injury in both problem fields and control fields. In problem fields, application of the soil-applied insecticide to Cry3Bb1 corn significantly reduced root injury, but not adult emergence. Our results are discussed in terms of developing strategies for managing western corn rootworm with resistance to Cry3Bb1 and mCry3A, and delaying the additional evolution of Bt resistance by this pest.
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Shrestha, Ram B.; Jakka, Sive R. K.; French, B. Wade; and Gassmann, Aaron J., "Field-Based Assessment of Resistance to Bt Corn by Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)" (2016). Entomology Publications. 451.