Entomology, Natural Resource Ecology and Management
Journal or Book Title
Although mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotype variation is often applied for estimating population dynamics and phylogenetic relationships, economical and generalized methods for entire mtDNA genome enrichment prior to high-throughput sequencing are not readily available. This study demonstrates the utility of differential centrifugation to enrich for mitochondrion within cell extracts prior to DNA extraction, short-read sequencing, and assembly using exemplars from eight maternal lineages of the insect species, Ostrinia nubilalis. Compared to controls, enriched extracts showed a significant mean increase of 48.2- and 86.1-fold in mtDNA based on quantitative PCR, and proportion of subsequent short sequence reads that aligned to the O. nubilalis reference mitochondrial genome, respectively. Compared to the reference genome, our de novo assembled O. nubilalis mitochondrial genomes contained 82 intraspecific substitution and insertion/deletion mutations, and provided evidence for correction of mis-annotated 28 C-terminal residues within the NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4. Comparison to a more recent O. nubilalis mtDNA assembly from unenriched short-read data analogously showed 77 variant sites. Twenty-eight variant positions, and a triplet ATT codon (Ile) insertion within ATP synthase subunit 8, were unique within our assemblies. This study provides a generalizable pipeline for whole mitochondrial genome sequence acquisition adaptable to applications across a range of taxa.
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Fisher, Kelsey E.; Bradbury, Steven P.; and Coates, Brad S., "Prediction of mitochondrial genome-wide variation through sequencing of mitochondrion-enriched extracts" (2020). Entomology Publications. 580.