Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

2011

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Patrick I. Armstrong

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine college student satisfaction from the need-press perspective (Murray, 1938) by revisiting the Stern (1970) measures. The obtained results indicate that psychological needs and environmental press relate in meaningful ways with interests and personality traits, and also with several types of college student satisfaction. Across 14 hierarchical regression models, the mean incremental contribution of needs beyond that of interests in the prediction of satisfaction outcomes was 14%. The mean incremental criterion validity for environmental press was 13% of the variance accounted for in satisfaction outcomes, above and beyond the contribution of interests and needs. There was a large effect of interests, needs, and press in the prediction of satisfaction outcomes, accounting for a mean of 29% of the variance in the outcome measures. The primary findings that replicated across two data sets will be summarized and interpreted in light of the hypotheses and existing literature. Overall, the use of need-press measures to examine student adjustment to academic environments may offer additional insight into the complex picture of person-environment fit that has emerged in previous research. Implications for research and practice, limitations, and directions for future research will also be addressed.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-268

Copyright Owner

Sarah Fetter Anthoney

Language

en

Date Available

2012-04-06

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

165 pages

Included in

Psychology Commons

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