Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Patrick I. Armstrong
The purpose of the present study was to examine college student satisfaction from the need-press perspective (Murray, 1938) by revisiting the Stern (1970) measures. The obtained results indicate that psychological needs and environmental press relate in meaningful ways with interests and personality traits, and also with several types of college student satisfaction. Across 14 hierarchical regression models, the mean incremental contribution of needs beyond that of interests in the prediction of satisfaction outcomes was 14%. The mean incremental criterion validity for environmental press was 13% of the variance accounted for in satisfaction outcomes, above and beyond the contribution of interests and needs. There was a large effect of interests, needs, and press in the prediction of satisfaction outcomes, accounting for a mean of 29% of the variance in the outcome measures. The primary findings that replicated across two data sets will be summarized and interpreted in light of the hypotheses and existing literature. Overall, the use of need-press measures to examine student adjustment to academic environments may offer additional insight into the complex picture of person-environment fit that has emerged in previous research. Implications for research and practice, limitations, and directions for future research will also be addressed.
Sarah Fetter Anthoney
Anthoney, Sarah Fetter, "Students in context: Effects of psychological needs and environmental press on academic and life satisfaction" (2011). Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 10198.