Date of Award
Master of Science
Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering
Due to the importance of historical timber covered bridges throughout history, their preservation is necessary. However, conducting an accurate structural evaluation of these types of bridges has always caused difficulties to engineers. Little laboratory and analytical modeling has been previously completed to evaluate the overall behavior and rating of these structures. Within this study, field testing results of displacements and strains for three Burr arch covered timber bridges were completed. Analysis of one of the two main supporting elements, i.e. the truss-arch elements, of the bridge structure was performed using the finite element method which included the as built geometry, such as the splice joints, in the top and bottom chord truss members. The connectivity between timber members, i.e., the connection between vertical and diagonal members, was also accounted for within the model. Finite element analyses included the evaluation of both two and three dimensional stick modeling to evaluate the effect of different modeling techniques that may be utilized by bridge engineers in the evaluation of the structural behavior of these bridges. Through this evaluation, recommendations were developed for the most appropriate analytical finite element model to analyze historical timber covered bridges.
Machtemes, Allison, "Investigation of the structural behavior of historical covered timber bridges" (2011). Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 10259.