Degree Type

Thesis

Date of Award

2011

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Partha Sarkar

Second Advisor

Sri Sritharan

Abstract

Despite the destructive effects of tornadoes, few attempts have been made to quantify tornado-induced loading. Low-rise building models were used to study the effects of variations in building geometry on tornado-induced wind loads in a laboratory-simulated tornado of high swirl ratio. The building orientation with respect to the path of the tornado and the translation speed of the simulated tornado were also varied to study their effects. The required strengths of the roof-to-wall and roof sheathing-to-rafter connections were calculated based on the measured loads and compared with their capacities to assess the possibility of failure. The geometry and orientation of the buildings were found to influence the wind loads and occurrence of failure in the roof connections.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-77

Copyright Owner

Jeremy Michael Case

Language

en

Date Available

2012-04-28

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

208 pages

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