Degree Type

Thesis

Date of Award

2009

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology

First Advisor

Thomas Bobik

Abstract

Salmonella enterica degrades 1,2-propanediol (1,2-PD) in a coenzyme B12-dependent manner. Prior enzymatic assays of crude cell extracts indicated that a phosphotransacylase (PTAC) was needed for this process, but the enzyme involved was not identified. Here we show that the pduL gene encodes an evolutionarily distinct PTAC used for 1,2-PD degradation. Growth tests showed that pduL mutants were unable to ferment 1,2-PD and were also impaired for aerobic growth on this compound. Enzyme assays showed that cell extracts from a pduL mutant lacked measurable PTAC activity in a background that also carried a pta mutation (the pta gene was previously shown to encode a PTAC enzyme). Ectopic expression of pduL corrected the growth defects of pta mutant. PduL fused to 8 C-terminal histidine residues (PduL-his8) was purified and its kinetic constants determined: Vmax = 51.7y7.6 ymol min-1 mg-1; and Km for propionyl-PO42- and acetyl-PO42- = 0.61 and 0.97 mM, respectively. Sequence analyses showed that PduL is unrelated in amino acid sequence to known PTAC enzymes and that PduL homologues are distributed among at least 49 bacterial species, but are absent from the Archaea and Eukarya. Immunoblots showed that PduL was a component of propanediol utilization microcompartment.

Copyright Owner

Yu Liu

Language

en

Date Available

2012-04-28

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

79 pages

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