Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

James H. Oliver


The thesis presents a multi modal teleoperation interface featuring an integrated virtual reality based simulation aumented by sensors and image processing capabilities onboard the remotely operated vehicle. The virtual reality interface fuses an existing VR model with live video feed and prediction states, thereby creating a multi modal control interface. Virtual reality addresses the typical limitations of video-based teleoperation caused by signal lag and limited field of view thereby allowing the operator to navigate in a continuous fashion. The vehicle incorporates an on-board computer and a stereo vision system to facilitate obstacle detection. A vehicle adaptation system with a priori risk maps and real state tracking system enables temporary autonomous operation of the vehicle for local navigation around obstacles and automatic re-establishment of the vehicle's teleoperated state. As both the vehicle and the operator share absolute autonomy in stages, the operation is referred to as mixed autonomous. Finally, the system provides real time update of the virtual environment based on anomalies encountered by the vehicle. The system effectively balances the autonomy between the human operator and on board vehicle intelligence. The reliability results of individual components along with overall system implementation and the results of the user study helps show that the VR based multi modal teleoperation interface is more adaptable and intuitive when compared to other interfaces.


Copyright Owner

Muthukkumar Kadavasal Sivaraman



Date Available


File Format


File Size

164 pages