Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science


Aerospace Engineering

First Advisor

Robert B. Thompson


To meet the needs of counter insurgency operations the armor of tanks need to be lighter. This is accomplished by using a combination of materials: metals, composites, and ceramics. This multi-material composite armor using any combination of the above materials will need to be inspected for manufacturing error, shipping damage, and combat damage. Nondestructive inspection, particularly ultrasonic inspection, has a long history of successfully inspecting thick composite structures.

To more easily develop inspection plans for many layered composites a computational model would be of use. A model of this type would need to have the ability to account for multiple material types and flaws that are larger than the beam size. Also, as a result of armor thickness any model would need to consider attenuation and effects of focused transducers.

This was accomplishing by extending the Thompson{Gray Measurement Model for use with multiple layers at normal incidence to the transducer and large planar defects parallel to the layers. Material values of the armor and the characteristics of the transducers were determined for use in the model. The model results are compared to experimentally collected data to show agreement. The model is then used to determine the requirements of a new inspection plan through varying the frequency and focal length of the transducers.


Copyright Owner

Nathaniel Lawrence Richter



Date Available


File Format


File Size

91 pages