Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science


Natural Resource Ecology and Management

First Advisor

Clay L Pierce

Second Advisor

Michael C Quist


The distribution of Topeka shiner Notropis topeka has declined across its historic range and was listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act in 1998. In Iowa, the habitat associations of this imperiled fish are not well understood. Our goals were to understand the current distribution and identify abiotic and biotic factors associated with the occurrence of Topeka shiners in stream and off-channel habitats of west-central Iowa. Fish assemblages and habitat characteristics were sampled in 67 stream and 27 off-channel sites during 2010 - 2011. Topeka shiners were found in 52% off-channel sites, but only 9% of stream sites, supporting the hypothesis that off-channel habitats are an important component of their life history. When compared to prior distributions, our results indicated a recent reduction in the distribution of Topeka shiners in Iowa. Fish assemblages in stream sites differed significantly from off-channel sites and had higher species richness. Fish assemblages containing Topeka shiner were different from those that did not contain Topeka shiner in off-channel sites, but not in stream sites. Results from logistic models suggested that Topeka shiner presence was associated with increased submerged vegetation and abundance of fathead minnow Pimephales promelas. Contrary to the findings of other studies, the abundance of large piscivorous fishes was not associated with the occurrence of Topeka shiner. Our results provide new information about the biology and life history of Topeka shiners in west-central Iowa that will guide restoration and other recovery efforts.


Copyright Owner

Bryan David Bakevich



Date Available


File Format


File Size

65 pages