Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management


Hospitality Management

First Advisor

Tianshu Zheng


Investigation is conducted into how gaming volumes and casino employment were impacted within a non-destination gaming state in urban and rural counties by the 2007-2009 economic downturn in The United States of America. Examples of urban and rural areas are researched in order to determine if certain gaming locations within a non-destination gaming state can be determined as recession proof. Effort is directed to establish and measure the gaming volumes before, during, and after the recession and also in addition to the analysis of employment figures issues such as the impact of gambling on the social environment is also factored into the overall analysis and findings. Findings indicate that while there was a slight drop in gaming revenue and employment figures during this period, non-destination gaming locations such as Indiana proved relatively resilient to the recession but were more vulnerable to external factors such as emerging competition from neighboring states. Evidence suggests that the gaming industry located in urban areas was more likely to impact the urban employment environment during the 2007 to 2009 recession than was evident in the rural areas in which the gaming industry is located.


Copyright Owner

Byron Aaron Marlowe



File Format


File Size

104 pages

Included in

Economics Commons