Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science


Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management


Hospitality Management

First Advisor

SoJung Lee


The engagement of corporate environmental responsibility (CER) and the implementation of environmentally responsible behavior (ERB) are crucial for clubs to reduce negative effects on the environment and to build good relationships with stakeholders. However, little research has examined ERB implementation and barriers to ERB by clubs. This study surveyed 3,250 club managers in North America and measured the following three variables: perceived importance of CER by clubs, current ERB practices, and perceived barriers to ERB. Independent samples t-tests and chi-square tests were utilized to compare the differences on these three variables between clubs with sustainable practices (SUS clubs) and those clubs with no sustainable practices (non-SUS clubs). The results of this study showed that SUS clubs considered CER to be more important than non-SUS clubs did. Furthermore, SUS clubs engaged in a greater number of ERB practices and perceived fewer barriers to ERB implementation than non-SUS clubs did. The findings of this study could fill the literature gap that lacks research about perceptions of club managers on ERB of clubs. The findings of this study will also help club managers to improve environmental performance by implementing ERB and overcoming barriers to ERB.


Copyright Owner

Xingyi Zhang



File Format


File Size

69 pages