Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

2017

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering

Major

Civil Engineering

First Advisor

H. David Jeong

Abstract

State highway agencies collect a considerable amount of digital data to document as well as support a variety of decision-making processes. This data is used to develop insights and extract information to enhance serval decision-making systems. However, digital data collected by highway agencies has been consistently underutilized especially in supporting data-driven or evidence-based decision-making systems. This underutilization is a result of a poor established connection between the data collected and its final possible usage.

This study analyzes the digital data collected by highway agencies to enhance the reliability of decision-making systems by utilizing Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and data analytics. This study will a) develop an enhanced Life-Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) for pavement rehabilitation investment decisions by establishing a novel cost classification system , b) identifying the barriers and challenges faced by agencies to adopt a data-driven pavement performance evaluation process, and c) develop a dynamic pavement delineation algorithm that aggregates the pavement condition data at the distress level. In order to achieve these objectives, the study uses different digital dataset including a) pavement rehabilitation historical bid-data, b) pavement rehabilitation as-built drawings, c) pavement condition data, and d) pavement maintenance and rehabilitation geospatial data. The study developed an enhanced life-cycle cost analysis practice that would significantly improve the economic evaluation accuracy of investment decisions. Additionally, the study identified seven major barriers and challenges that hinder the adoption of a data-driven pavement performance evaluation. Finally, the study developed and automated a pavement delineation algorithm using Python programming language.

This study is expected help highway agencies utilize their historical digital datasets to support a variety of decision-making systems. Furthermore, the study paves the way to adopting and implementing data-driven and evidence based decision-making processes.

Copyright Owner

Ahmed Abdelaty

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

123 pages

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