Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

2017

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Mechanical Engineering

Major

Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Alberto Passalacqua

Abstract

The simulation of physical systems requires accurate and robust methods with relatively low cost and it is still the challenge in many applications of engineering processes, specifically in multiphase flow systems. Soot formation, distribution of the aerosols in the atmosphere, reactive precipitation, and combustion modeling are some examples of these processes. Computer simulations of theses systems require a model that can be adapted to that reality. In this study, a quadrature based method of moments (QBMM) is used to address the problems related to the reactive multiphase flow systems. First, the log-normal kernel density function is implemented into the extended quadrature method of moments (Ln-EQMOM). Ln-EQMOM is verified reconstructing the NDF and calculating the moments of a distribution obtained by the linear combination of two log-normal distributions. Later, this numerical procedure is used for problems of aggregation and breakup of fine particles to solve the population balance equation (PBE). The results are compared to the rigorous solutions reported for the cases under consideration \citep{vanni2000}. Finally, the method is verified using two analytically known problems (\textit{e.g.} coalescence and condensation). In comparison to EQMOM with $\Gamma$ kernel density function \citep{yuan2012}, Ln-EQMOM is faster in terms of computations and it preserves the moments more accurately.

Then EQMOM with $\beta$ kernel density function is implemented to approximate the solution of the transport equation for the composition probability density function (PDF) of a passive scalar using the Fokker-Planck model to treat the molecular mixing term. The results then compared in a similar condition to those obtained with direct numerical simulation (DNS). The $L_2$ norm of the PDF is reported for two test cases that have been considered. Later the new approach is introduced to address the problems includes the mixing and reaction. Conditional quadrature method of moments (CQMOM) and using the joint composition PDF for the mixture fraction and progress variables, it is possible to address the problems with two consecutive competitive reactions, one reaction and fast reaction, all including the mixing of reactants. direct quadrature method of moments (DQMOM) also expressed for the joint composition PDF. Results obtained with CQMOM and DQMOM are compared with each other. Finally, the CQMOM approach for mixing problems was tested considering two consecutive competitive reactions to verify the implementation and validate the proposed approach. Coupled mixing-PBE approach was then used to investigate polymer aggregation in a multi-inlet vortex reactor (MIVR), typically used to perform flash nanoprecipitation for the production of nanoparticles used in pharmaceutical applications.

Copyright Owner

Ehsan Madadi Kandjani

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

203 pages

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