Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science


Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering


Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering

First Advisor

Richard T. Stone


Bows and arrows can be traced all the way back to 65,000 BC and have evolved from a tool used for hunting, to a tool for war, and today used by hobbyists in competition. The evolution of this technology has progressed for the most part without an understanding of the effect it has on humans. The present study aims to connect how technology effects humans specifically looking at archery. The study measured the muscle activity in the bow arm of the archer and the vibration experienced on the bow arm of the archer during the shooting process. From those measurements, the presence of an impact to the human arm was established. It was also identified the archer was anticipating this impact with higher muscle activation in the bow arm upon releasing of the arrow. This resulted in focusing on research involving the back-tension release. The theory behind this release is it mitigates the anticipation of the impact by creating a surprise factor in shooting. This release reduced the ability of the human to brace in anticipation during the shot by taking away the knowledge of when the shot is going off. The results found in this study concluded the new technology did introduce a surprise factor, but it did not reduce the occurrences of preparatory muscle activation in the human’s arm.

Copyright Owner

Hunter Sabers



File Format


File Size

38 pages