Recognition of activities of daily living

Yunfei Feng, Iowa State University

Abstract

Activities of daily living (ADL) are things we normally do in daily living, including any daily activity such as feeding ourselves, bathing, dressing, grooming, work, homemaking, and leisure. The ability or inability to perform ADLs can be used as a very practical measure of human capability in many types of disorder and disability. Oftentimes in a health care facility, with the help of observations by nurses and self-reporting by residents, professional staff manually collect ADL data and enter data into the system.

Technologies in smart homes can provide some solutions to detecting and monitoring a resident’s ADL. Typically multiple sensors can be deployed, such as surveillance cameras in the smart home environment, and contacted sensors affixed to the resident’s body. Note that the traditional technologies incur costly and laborious sensor deployment, and cause uncomfortable feeling of contacted sensors with increased inconvenience.

This work presents a novel system facilitated via mobile devices to collect and analyze mobile data pertaining to the human users’ ADL. By employing only one smart phone, this system, named ADL recognition system, significantly reduces set-up costs and saves manpower.

It encapsulates rather sophisticated technologies under the hood, such as an agent-based information management platform integrating both the mobile end and the cloud, observer patterns and a time-series based motion analysis mechanism over sensory data. As a single-point deployment system, ADL recognition system provides further benefits that enable the replay of users’ daily ADL routines, in addition to the timely assessment of their life habits.