Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management


Hospitality Management

First Advisor

Tianshu Zheng



On May 14, 2018, the United States Supreme Court overturned 28 U. S. C. §3702, known as the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992 (PASPA). PASPA forbid states that did not have sports wagering schemes in place, or those that did not offer casino gambling, from allowing sports wagering. Nevada has allowed sports wagering since 1949 and was the only state where it was legal before PASPA was overturned. As of July 1, 2019, eight states had passed legislation concerning sports wagering schemes and were accepting sports wagers throughout the state. Other states and the District of Columbia have passed sports wagering laws. The purpose of this study is to identify the dominant themes of legislation in place in states where sports wagering schemes were legal and active as of July 1, 2019. This study used content analysis software to identify and measure the frequency of common phrases and terms. This study also used sentiment analysis to identify and measure the sentimental motivation of the legislation in different states. The results of this study will provide valuable information to state legislators and public administrators considering the creation of state-sanctioned sports wagering schemes.

Keywords: sports wagering, Supreme Court, bookmaking, Tenth Amendment, content analysis, sentiment analysis


Copyright Owner

Michael Lynch



File Format


File Size

314 pages