Degree Type

Thesis

Date of Award

2020

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Chemistry

Major

Organic Chemistry

First Advisor

William S. Jenks

Abstract

Photolysis of thiophene ylides such as dibenzothiophene ylide (DBTY) and 2,5-dichlorothiophene ylide (DCTY) provides a route to certain carbenes with adjustable photophysical parameters, in that the absorption spectrum of the precursor and the initial spin population of the carbene can be varied. However, the accumulated thiophene from extensive photolysis can act as a triplet sensitizer leading to the generation of relatively high proportion of triplet carbene. It is demonstrated that dibenzothiophene has this property and 2,5-dichlorothiophene does not.

S-alkoxy dibenzothiophenium and N-alkoxy pyridinium salts are prepared and photolyzed to explore the potential homolytic and heterolytic paths of the photochemical S-O cleavage of the thiophenium salts. The heterolytic path would generate a highly unstable electron-deficient alkyl oxenium ion and the corresponding neutral leaving group. Homolysis would generate an alkoxy radical and the corresponding radical cation of the leaving group. The evidence obtained suggests the homolytic formation of alkoxy radical and radical cation of the leaving group though some fraction of the oxenium and the neutral leaving group cannot be ruled out completely.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-20210114-76

Copyright Owner

Jagadeesh Kolattoor

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

85 pages

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