Buffer Strip Design, Establishment, and Maintenance
This paper is Iowa State University Extension and Outreach PM 1626B (1997): 4 pp. Posted with permission.
Maintaining a forested or prairie buffer along creeks, streams, and rivers provides more than just a beautiful landscape. The right combination of trees, shrubs, and native grasses can improve water quality by removing sediment and chemicals before they reach the surface water. A properly cared for buffer area also can moderate flooding, help recharge underground water supplies, prevent soil erosion, and preserve wildlife habitat. Trees in the buffer strip also can provide landowners with valuable biomass, timber, and nut crops.