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Peppers are native to Mexico, Central America, and northern portions of South America. Peppers have been used in these regions as a culinary spice for nearly 6,000 years. Columbus brought peppers back to Europe where they quickly became popular and spread throughout the world. Peppers can be divided into a number of different groups or types based on pungency, flavor, culinary use, fruit shape, and color. The chart below contains several of the most common types and their fruit characteristics.
Nair, Ajay; Haynes, Cynthia; Jauron, Richard; and Everhart, Eldon, "Peppers" (2018). Extension and Outreach Publications. 364.
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