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Iowa leads the nation in egg production, producing more than the second- and third-largest states combined. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates that approximately 59.3 million layers in Iowa produced 16.5 billion eggs in 2014. This level of production utilizes 54.9 million bushels of corn and 504,500 tons of soybean meal to feed the layers and an additional 6.8 million bushels of corn and 62,200 tons of soybean meal to feed the growing pullets. In addition, the egg industry is an important value-added activity in Iowa, directly employing an estimated 3,900 hatchery, production, and processing workers in 2014 and generating over $175 million in direct payroll. When multiplier effects on the Iowa economy are included, even more impressive numbers are generated: total labor income of $502 million, nearly 8,825 total jobs, and total sales of $769 million.
Ibarburu, Maro; Schulz, Lee; and Otto, Daniel, "Economic Importance of the Iowa Egg Industry—2014 Update" (2015). Extension and Outreach Publications. 823.
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