Growers of organic squash need effective ways to manage insect and disease problems. The squash bug (Anasa tristis) sucks sap, causing leaves to wilt and turn black. The squash vine borer (Melittia cucurbitae) can devastate winter squash plantings. Burrowing by larvae into the base of the stem causes yellowing and wilting. Organic insecticides are expensive, have limited efficacy, require many applications, and some kill beneficial as well as target insects.
Iowa State University
Batzer, Jean C. and Gleason, Mark L., "Organic Practices for the Production of Butternut Squash" (2013). Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports. 1897.