Perennial horticulture crops take years to establish. Many fruit trees can take up to five years to produce a crop and generate yield data. Once established, orchards are long-lived proving useful even with changing research requirements. Orchards also serve as important resources for education, instruction, and demonstration. This is an assessment of the orchards located at the ISU Horticulture Station.
Iowa State University
Carpenter, Brandon and Howell, Nick, "Horticulture Research Station Orchard Assessment" (2015). Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports. 2176.