Northern Research and Demonstration Farm
Producers continue to plant corn earlier every year. In 2006, 50% of the statewide crop was planted by approximately April 25. Earlier planting dates are attributed to several factors: larger acreage per producer, less spring tillage, advancements in hybrids, and seed treatments. Planting the crop during the optimum window is important to achieving high yields. Previous Iowa State University (ISU) recommendations for 100% maximum yield, relative to planting date, were identified as April 20 to May 19. We believe that this planting window can be earlier while still achieving high yields. Planting date research requires multiple years and locations to negate the environmental variations that exist year to year, allowing overall trends to be identified. Research was initiated across the state in 2006, to determine when maximum yields are realized.
Iowa State University
Abendroth, Lori; Elmore, Roger W.; and Freehill, Leslie, "Corn Planting Date" (2007). Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports. 934.